AKHENATEN’S HYMN TO ATEN AND PSALM 104 OF THE HEBREW BIBLE

November 21, 2010 3 Comments

Amenhotep IV, more commonly known as Akhenaten, created a religious upheaval in Egypt by introducing the worship of Aten, god of the sun disk, as the chief god. Akhenaten’s reverence for Aten is evident in this hymn. Some authorities have noted a similarity in spirit and wording to the 104th Psalm of the Old Testament. In fact, some scholars have argued that there might be a connection between the two.

 

Hymn to Aten

Your rays suckle every meadow.

When you rise, they live, they grow for you.

You make the seasons in order to rear all that you

have made,

The winter to cool them,

And the heat that they may taste you.

You have made the distant sky in order to rise therein,

In order to see all that you do make.

While you were alone,

Rising in your form as the living Aten,

Appearing, shining, withdrawing or approaching,

You made millions of forms of yourself alone.

Cities, towns, fields, road, and river---

Every eye beholds you over against them,

For you are the Aten of the day over the earth. . . .

The world came into being by your hand,

According as you have made them.

When you have risen they live,

When you set they die.

You are lifetime your own self,

For one lives only through you.

Eyes are fixed on beauty until you set.

All work is laid aside when you set in the west.

But when you rise again,

Everything is made to flourish for the king. . . .

Since you did found the earth

And raise them up for your son,

Who came forth from your body: the King of Upper

and Lower Egypt, . . . Akh-en-Aten, . . . and the

Chief Wife of the King . . . Nefert-iti, living and

youthful forever and ever.

 

Psalm 104:19--25, 27--30

The moon marks off the seasons,

and the sun knows when to go down.

You bring darkness, it becomes night,

and all the beasts of the forest prowl.

The lions roar for their prey

and seek their food from God.

The sun rises, and they steal away;

they return and lie down in their dens.

Then man goes out to his work,

to his labor until evening.

How many are your works, O Lord!

In wisdom you made them all;

the earth is full of your creatures.

There is the sea, vast and spacious,

teeming with creatures beyond number---

living things both large and small. . . .

These all look to you

to give them their food at the proper time.

When you give it to them,

they gather it up;

when you open your hand,

they are satisfied with good things.

When you hide your face,

they are terrified;

when you take away their breath,

they die and return to the dust.

When you send your Spirit,

they are created,

and you renew the face of the earth.

  • lmarr07 - January 6, 2011 10:27 AM

    Ive been hearing that Akhenaten wrote that hymn because of what happened with Moses and the Isaelites proving the Egyptian gods to be "weak" or fake. That he recognized The God of Israel to be superior, above ALL gods.

  • AnakSunn - October 21, 2012 9:15 AM

    I disagree, Akhenaten wrote this atleast 500 - 600 years BEFORE any Hebrews. Besides, there is tremendous evidence to prove that there were NEVER any so-called Hebrews/Jews EVER in ancient Kemet. Even the local surrounding nations never mention any people ever being slaves in Kemet/Egypt. But the records do now show that the Pharoah did each hire skilled and educated men to come to work in order to build the Pyramids, being sure that these men and their families were well provided for because of their great service to their king. This is ACTUAL records and writings for this, but no Jews were ever in ancient North Africa until about a thousand years ago and some, during the times of the Crusade when the people known historically as The Khazar Empire began to embrace the traditional tribal rituals and beliefs of an North African (still Black skinned people) - nomadic tribe called the Ibri -today called Hebrews and having their identities stolen historically by the khazarians after centuries of forgetting how the original black hebrews who were never a nation or did anything great, were asked to come to their land and teach the original faith that the Byzantine(Christians) and Islamics lived by. At that times the king of Khazaria was known as Bulan. Even jewish scholars today and of the past boldly admit that they are not the true people of the book, just as Heroditus and others have said; always describing the nomadic Hebrews and Egyptians in his day as a woolly haired, thick lipped dark skinned people, looking like the Ethiopians and Nubians. Its amazing how television and movies have shaped the minds of the public while prominate colleges and universities in American and abroad all teach the Egyptians and Hebrews as a race of Dark skinned African peoples. Its time to see the world through the eyes of actual history and not Eurpcentric racism and false Christian and Islamic hatred of everything African or Black. If any of the Pharoah's were alive today, I know they would not stand for these things. Hotep! And Peace be with You!

  • anakSunn - October 21, 2012 9:26 AM

    By the way, my comment should not be taken as an attack on your post, it was simply to correct a wrong that is widely believed by most Americans, especially African Americans. We tend to believe all things given to use by European religions and scholars, never realizing that it is denying us our true heritage and lineage. In ancient Khemet, the people understood that they didn't have mutltiple gods but ONE true God. They half-man - half -animal figures represented the principles and concepts of the Neter, in other words; they were representations of the elements in universal nature. Mostly they were used to educated children and people then understood that. Outsiders like the people of Europe being earlier bi-racial Greeks and the Romans, saw and misunderstood it to be many gods. And that is how crazy religions like Christianity began, by taking african culture, distorting it and forming a world imperialistic religion that oppressed the entire earth for almost 2,000 years.

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